The role of physics, chemistry in the development of physiology

The success of modern physics and chemistry have allowed to reveal some regularities of the finest structures and functions of cells and different organelles of the cell. Elucidation of the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) has revealed patterns of protein synthesis in cells. For physiology is essential programming nucleic acids hereditary characteristics of the structure and functions of the body, their participation in the process of memory. New methods of physics and chemistry greatly advanced our understanding of the functions of the various parts of the nervous system, but the transfer pulses to the nerve pathways and nerve organs, armed methods of directional changes of body functions. Thanks to the new physical methods of research discovered previously unknown facts about the work of the senses, and in the modern biological chemistry developed methods for the synthesis of some proteins that are important for the regulation of functions.

Of exceptional importance for the development of physiology are biophysics, studying physical processes in the body, and biochemistry that studies the chemical processes in the body.

For physiological analysis using modern mathematical methods and ideas of cybernetics and automatic control, which is particularly fruitful in the study of the physiology of the sense organs and nervous system, perception, recognition, behavior and learning. For the analysis and consideration of the results of the experiment used electronic computers.

Biology as “the science of the dynamics of the organic world” (Timiryazev), the laws of evolution of organisms and their features have a significant impact on the development of physiology, especially evolutionary. In turn, as a branch of physiology, biology, studying the processes of life of the individual organism based on biological laws, it is essential for the development of biology.

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The role of physics, chemistry in the development of physiology